Tuesday, December 30, 2008

The Family in Sydney

27 Mosman St 27 Mosman St

Click here for some photos of the family in the 1980s
Click here for photos of the family from the 1990s onwards.
Click here for photos of family outings

Prue and the children moved to Sydney in December 1982 and lived first at Waverley, Bronte before buying their house at 27 Mosman St in 1984. In 2004 Prue (and Charles) moved to Park Avenue, Mosman

The children went to various schools between 1983 and 1995 including Ascham, Cranbrook and Frensham

On leaving Frensham, Radha worked at Bain & Co and in 1995 made her first visit to Amsterdam with her boyfriend George. They came to Herry's 50th birthday party at Stocks in June 1995.

Radha again visited Amsterdam and London in 1988

She suffered a stoke in November 2002 but miraculously recovered and in June 2004 married Neil Macpherson, but divorced in 2009.

The family had various holidays together - Noosa in the 80s; Boodle had hoidays in Corsica and Tunisia with Herry and Edward and Boodle visited Cyprus with Kei in 1992.

On leaving school, Edward went to Macquarie University in 1994 to study computer science but left after a year as 'they couldn't teach me what I wanted to know' and he joined a computer consultancy, ComTech in 1995. He worked at Comtech until 2001 when he joined Deutsche Bank as Security and Mobility Specialist, working for them in London from 2001-2003. In 2004 he returned to Australia, settled in Melbourne and married Marijke Fung in October 2005. In September 2006 Charlotte Lucy was born and in February 2008 Amelia Penny.

On leaving Cranbrook, Charles had a number of jobs in the hospitality industry before joining Harris Technology in 2001, followed by Hire Intelligence and in 2005, Dell.

The family have also had Christmas and New Year together - particularly in 2003, 2005, 20062008/9, 2011 and 2013 - and everyone came together for Herry's 70th in Stockbridge in July 2015

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Sunday, December 07, 2008

Lawford Family History

It's not clear where the Lawford family originated, but it seems probable that some of them either took their name from or gave their name to the villages of Church Lawford and Long Lawford near Rugby. There is also a village called Lawford near Manningtree in Essex, with a fine church and large house - Lawford Hall - overlooking the River Stour which used to have the Lawford coat of arms over the door*. Both Church Lawford and Lawford in Essex are named in the Domesday Book, so it is likely that a family of that name existed well before 1086 when it was compiled. Some reflections on the family's connection with both Rugby and Maningtree appear here. There is also a note here from the Internet Surname Database that has some further unchecked details.


The Lawford Family Tree complied by Reginald Ames in the 1880s. It's readable if you click the image

The family tree drawn up by Reginald Ames in the 1880s shows the lineage back to Robert Lawford (1581 - 1641) of Co Warwick, Gent, after of Stoke Gifford, Co Gloucester who died in Bristol. One of his sons, John Lawford (1609-1688) was mayor of Bristol in 1664 and 'Lord of the Manor of Tockington' in Co Gloucester, so we should conclude that the family was well-established by the 17th Century.

By then, Lawfords were mostly bankers and lawyers - and in common with many families with strong connections with the City of London, became associated with one of the Livery Companies. As a result, Lawfords have been Liverymen of the Drapers' Company since the 1700s, and Valentine Lawford (1709-1783) became the first Lawford Master in 1775. Neither my father Patrick nor his father Capt VA Lawford were liverymen and it was not until I was looking through Uncle Valentine's papers in the 1980s that I noticed the connection, and was admitted to the Livery in 1988. By then, no less than six Lawfords had become Master, as well as others who were married to Lawford women. My great-great-great grandfather Samuel Lawford (1749-1835) and great-great grandfather, also called Samuel (1777-1864), were Masters in 1809 and 1850 respectively.  In addition, John Lawford (1790-1869) of Downhills, Tottenham, the younger brother of my great-great grandfather Samuel, was a solicitor and became Junior Warden in 1871 but died before he could become Master. The full list can be found in a longer note about the Drapers' Livery Company here.

Indeed, several Lawfords served the Drapers as Clerk and Solicitor including Edward, who was also Solicitor to the East India Company. Paintings of Edward's house - Eden Park, in Kent remain.  Lithos of John Lawford's house, Downhills at Tottenham, are also extant. John Lawford, incidentally, was the son of Thomas Acland Lawford, father of General Sir Sydney Lawford, who's younger son Peter became a well known actor and married one of JF Kennedy's sisters. Another of John's brothers was Herbert Lawford (HF Lawford) the Wimbledon tennis champion in 1887.

Edward Lawford's son Maj-General Edward Lawford (1809-1871) was Chief Engineer, Mysore in the 1860s and his younger brother, Lt-Col Henry (1812-1880) also served in Madras. Likewise Lt-General Edward Melville Lawford (1826-1891) was Colonel of the 4th Madras Cavalry, while his younger brother, Henry Baring Lawford was Chief Judge of the High Court of Kishnagur. Photos of the Lawfords descended from Edward Lawford (of Eden Park) can be seen here.

My great grandfather John Lawford (1811 - 1875), was a banker, as was his father Samuel before him. They both worked at Curries & Co and John appears to have lived for a large part of his life at the bank's premises at 29 Cornhill. His first four children were born there and according to Uncle Valentine, his daughter Sophie's nursery windows looked out over the Royal Exchange. Later he lived in Blackheath, where the rest of his twelve children were born.

My grandfather Capt Vincent Lawford RN CMG DSO served under Jellicoe at the Battle of Jutland.** A photo of him and his wife Jane (nee Mapplebeck) at their Golden wedding in 1953 surrounded by their children and grandchildren can be seen here. A fuller note can be seen here.

Capt VA Lawford and his wife Jane on their Golden Wedding  in 1953. Back Row: Denys, Valentine, Vincent, Paddy, Adrian, Patrick, Jeremy
Seated: Daphne, Sylvia Findlater, Capt VA, Jane, Peggy, Annette
Front Row: Piers, Herry, Michael, John Findlater, Patrick Findlater, Fairfax (Luxmoore)
Absent: Quentin Findlater and daughter Mary

My father Patrick's brief biography can be seen here.

My uncle Valentine Lawford did a great deal of work on the family history (as well as living a most interesting and eventful life himself). His papers survive and are maintained by my cousin Jeremy Lawford, while another cousin (though Jane's family), Charles Tilbury, has placed his diaries in the Churchill Library.

* Lawford Hall was built in the 1780s, but cannot be reliably traced to our line of Lawfords except for the fact that it bears the family coat of arms. They used to be over the main door, but have now been moved inside due to rainwater problems.

** Capt John Lawford (later Admiral Sir John) was in 1794 acquitted in a court marshal known as the 'Wreck of the Ten Sail' and commanded a ship of the line under Nelson in the Battle of Copenhagen. but his link with our family line is uncertain. Warships named 'HMS Lawford' (named after Admiral Sir John whose sword is in the National Maritime Museum) were sunk in both 1917 and 1944, the latter bearing silver donated by the family.

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Monday, September 29, 2008

TIM and ITIC 1984-1993


Early in 1984, Bill Birch Reynardson asked Herry to leave P&I and help start a new Miller club for shipagents and shipbrokers, known as TIM (Transport Intermediaries Mutual). Herry was reluctant to do so, knowing very little of that world and enjoying being the manager of Syndicate 1 with its collection of Japanese, Indian, Australian and blue-chip Greek Members. However Bill persisted and Herry left International House in September to move across the road to Creechurch House where the new office was being set up. Prior to his move, he had had a day with Francis Frost, the creator of the concept of TIM, at his house in Suffolk, and been convinced that it could work, and be amusing!

He joined his partner Charles Goldie, who was to be the eminence grise on the project, Malcolm Bird and Geoffery Room, both of whom had been seconded to it and been working on it for some time. Herry's long-time secretary Jo Johns also came with him. Martin-Clark also gave a great deal of moral and practical support and found a friend, Richard Harwood, to set up the IT system, as well as a retired Lloyd's underwriter, Graham Williamson, to help set up the underwriting system. Together they recruited staff, initially Chris Childs and Sid Lock and later Tony Payne and Julia Mavropoulos. Click here for a photo of the staff in late 1984. Their earliest work was on settling the Rules, which they did with the great help of Geoffrey Slater of Coward Chance.

The first major meeting with the future board of ITIC came in October when we travelled to Tarrytown in New York to discuss the plans for the club, its finances and the all-important cover provided under the Rules. Bill Birch Reynardson accompanied Herry and they together met the board, already largely chosen by Francis Frost, to be chaired by Jorgen With-Seidelin from San Francisco. Herry presented the Rules in a long-lasting session and they were approved; and it was agreed that the Club would begin marketing immediately and take Members from 1st April 1985 (though some were given interim cover though a market placement so that they didn't have to renew with their existing insurers).

The Club grew quickly and secured the entries of a number of major players including Inchcape, GAC, Jardines and Clarksons. It was also supported by the Multiport network of agents a well as by the Baltic Exchange.

With his P&I background, Herry was naturally involved with the shipmanagement industry and was able to persuade the major players, including Wallem, Denholm and V Ships to join up. Later he helped to draft the now universally adopted BIMCO shipmanagement and crew management agreements as well as contributing the liability chapter to the LLP book on the subject.

Soon after TIM was established, Tindall Riley, fellow club managers to Thomas Miller, took over the management of an old (1925) club called CISBA, run for many years by solicitors, Hedleys. The revived CISBA provided some competiion to TIM, but was never as successful and, prompted by his partners, particularly David Martin-Clark, Herry set about arranging a merger between the two clubs. This was successfully completed in 1990 and the merged club was renamed ITIC - International Transport Interemediaries Club - with Millers as managers. Several Tindall Riley staff joined the new management company, including Phil Mitchell, who became deputy chairman to Herry.

The board of the club met three times a year, once in Bermuda where the club was registered and the others at various international locations. Click here for a photo of a board meeting in Hamburg in 1991.

ITIC moved from Creechurch House to America House in 1990 and then to International House. Click here for a photo of the staff in the America House office in 1990.

Herry returned to P&I in 1993 and ITIC, which continues to flourish as the largest insurer of marine-related intermediary risks in the world, was successively led by Francis Frost and then by Peregrine Massey.

Hrvoje (Harry) Kačić


Hrvoje Kačić - known universally as Harry - became a friend from my first visit to Yugoslavia with Bill Birch Reynardson in 1969.

Click the heading for photos of Harry and see his entry in Wikipedia here

Venky - S. Ventiteswaran

Venky - as he is universally known, has been a close friend for nearly 40 years. We met in Bombay in 1972, when I was on my first visit to India.

For photos of Venky, click the heading

Tuesday, September 23, 2008

Pugh Evans Family History

The Pugh's are an old family with a long Welsh pedigree going back to the Welsh prince Rhodri Mawr, King of Powys in 867. They retained their importance throughout the middle ages and the Pugh’s of Mathavarn (the farm of Mathavarn is to be found north east of Machynlleth) were one of Wales most prominent families for several centuries. It is believed that Henry Tudor’s army camped at Mathavarn en route to battle of Bosworth (1485) and that Dafyd Llwd ap Llewellyn (a Pugh ancestor) sent his son with Henry to fight in the battle. Later in 1644 the house was burnt down by Parliamentary soldiers as the then owner Rowland Pugh, (a former sheriff of both Montgomeryshire and Merionethshire), was a staunch Royalist. Later his grandson John Pugh, a barrister, represented the borough of Montgomery in Parliament from 1702 to 1727. The estate was sold in 1752.

Elizabeth Pugh (1808 – 74) & John Evans (1804 – 74)

Elizabeth (or Eliza, as she was known), daughter of Lewis of Aberystwyth and Elizabeth Griffiths, married John Evans in 1830 and became the matriarch of the subsequent Pugh-Evans family. At the time of their marriage, Eliza was reputedly given a dowry by her parents of 7000 gold sovereigns equal to her weight! John Evans is recorded in one account as being a local schoolmaster when he met and fell in love with Eliza, in another that he was secretary to his future father in law. Both events could be correct, of course. In any event, he apparently became a prosperous merchant who owned a shop in Bridge Street, Aberystwyth, and became town mayor in 1842 and 1844. Having married Eliza, he added his wife's surname to his own, the family thus becoming named Pugh Evans.

John and Eliza Pugh Evans had seven children. Elizabeth (1832-73) married the Rev. Howell Edwards, vicar of Carleon, Gwent, and they had eleven children. John (b.1834) married Ellen Fairclough and became rector of Efenechtyd, Ruthin. They had three children. Then came an infant, Lewis, who was born and died in 1835.

Another Lewis (1837–1908) inherited the Abermade estate from his bachelor uncle on condition that he changed his name from Pugh Evans to Pugh Pugh! More of him below. He was followed by Griffith Humphrey (1840–1902), more of him later also. Then came David Pugh Jones (1842-97), curate of Borth, subsequently rector of Trefonen, Salop, vicar of Carmarthen and rector of Lampeter Velfrey, and finally another daughter, Mary Margaret (b.1845).

In 1843 the family moved to Llanbadarn, when John Pugh Evans acquired the 220 acre Lovesgrove estate from the Powells of Nanteos. It seems that this purchase may have been provided by Eliza’s father as a belated wedding dowry, although it was legally signed over to John. When John died in 1874, the estate passed to their third son, Griffith Humphrey.

Lewis Pugh Pugh (1837 – 1908)

John & Eliza’s second son, the re-named Lewis Pugh Pugh, went to Winchester and Corpus Christi College, Oxford, graduating in 1859. He became a barrister at Lincolns Inn in 1862, was subsequently High Sheriff and Deputy Lieutenant for Cardiganshire, as well as the local MP from 1880 to 1885 and, after a distinguished career in India, became the leading figure at the Calcutta bar and Attorney General of Bengal. He had the house built in 1905 at Cymerau, up behind Glandyfi.

Lewis married Veronica Harriet Hills (1844-1931), a daughter of James Hills (1801-73), who had sailed to India as a young adventurer in 1821 and made his first fortune within seven years. James married Charlotte Marie Antoinette Savi (1813-50), the daughter of a doctor from Elba and his French wife. He became an indigo planter in Bengal, and they had ten children in all.

Apart from Veronica, they included Archibald (1832-96), an indigo planter like his father, James (1833-1919), who won the VC as a young lieutenant during the Indian Mutiny and later became a general and was knighted, John (1834-1902), also a general and knight, George (1835-1902), a colonel, Robert (1837-1909), an indigo broker, Elizabeth (1838-97), who married another knighted general, Charlotte (1840-1916), who married another colonel and VC recipient during the Indian Mutiny, and Charles (1847-1935), another indigo broker.

The youngest child was Emilia Savi (1849-1938), of whom more below. The Hills family doesn’t feature as an extension of the Pugh tribe, apart from the marriages of Veronica and Emilia. Nevertheless, it has to be said that it would feature admirably as the military wing of any family gathering!

Lewis and Veronica had five sons and five daughters. Their eldest son was Lewis Pugh Evans Pugh, born in 1865 in Calcutta, died back in Britain in 1940, who married Emily Adah Sophia Chaplin (1867-1953). They had one son and five daughters. Veronica Charlotte Pugh (1867-1968) married John Frederick (Jack) MacNair (1846-1908), and they had a daughter and two sons. Alice (1868-69) was followed by James Griffith (b.1870).

Then came Archibald John (1871-1923), who married Marion Fraser (Nina) Arundel (1881-1967) and had five sons and one daughter. Ellinor Evans (Nain) (1872-1949) married Ernest William Ormond (1863-1930), and they had three sons).

Another son was Major Herbert Owain Pugh (1874-1954), who married Edith Mary Smith (1879-1943), and they had a son and a daughter. Their son was Major-General Lewis Henry Owain Pugh (1907-81) (see more below). Then came Evelyn Anne (1875-1950), who married Thomas Byrne Sellar (1878-1924) and had two daughters and a son, Roland Anthony (1879-1946), who married Nina Easter Lilian (Paddy) Bowen (1895-1974) and had three daughters and a son, and finally Marjorie (1880-1936), who married Alexander Cox Patterson (1872-1948) and had two sons and two daughters.

Griffith Humphrey Pugh Evans (1840 – 1902)

Meanwhile, John and Elizabeth’s third son, Griffith, went to Lincoln College, Oxford, and also became a barrister and the Judge Advocate of Bengal, as well as a member of the Viceroy’s legislative council. He became a Knight Commander of the Indian Empire in 1896. He inherited Lovesgrove and built a mansion there in 1883. Sir Griffith was also a Deputy Lieutenant and JP for Cardiganshire, and retired to Lovesgrove from India when his health faded. In 1873, he married Emelia Savi (1849-1938), the youngest daughter of James Hills. Griffith and Emelia had three sons and four daughters.

Their eldest son, Griffith (1874-74), was followed by Alice Mary (1875-1955), who married Bernard Richard Townsend Greer (1854-1942) and had two sons and two daughters. Gladys (1877-1955) married Harry Arthur Clifton (d.1947) and had three daughters and two sons. Gruffydd (1879-1946) was followed by Lewis (1881-1962). More on him below.

Then came Betha Millicent (Betty) (1882-1954), James John Pugh (Jimjack) (1885-1954), who married Viola Murielle Robinson (1899-1983) and had two sons, and Gwyneth Veronica (1888-1951).

Griffith and Emelia’s second son, Brigadier Lewis Pugh Evans (1881-1962), inherited the Lovesgrove estate in turn. After serving in the Boer War as a lieutenant in the Black Watch, he served on the Western Front during WW1, initially as a company commander, then brigade major, during which time he was awarded the DSO. In 1917 he was appointed acting Lieutenant-Colonel with the Lincolnshire Regiment, and on 4th October was awarded the Victoria Cross for “conspicuous bravery and leadership” during the fighting at Reutel and Polygon Wood near Ypres. He was severely wounded twice during the battle, and was invalided home to England. In January 1918 he returned to France with the Black Watch, and was awarded a second DSO in April for action near Givenchy. He finished the war as a temporary Brigadier.

After the war, he married Margaret Dorothea Seagrave Vaughan-Pryce-Rice, who tragically died of flu in 1921. Lewis retired from the army in 1938, and subsequently held a number of local appointments, including again Deputy Lieutenant and JP for Cardiganshire. He died of a heart attack at Paddington Station in 1962 and is buried in the family plot at Llanbadarn, where he had been a churchwarden for many years.


Lewis Henry Owain Pugh (1907- 81)

Finally in the Pugh Evans branch of the family is another Lewis Pugh, grandson of Lewis Pugh Pugh of Bengal etc, and son of Major Herbert Pugh (see above). Lewis was another professional soldier, commissioned into the Royal Horse Artillery. After serving in Germany between the wars and on the North West Frontier of India, he answered an advertisement for men with knowledge of India to join the Special Branch Intelligence Department of the Bengal Police.

At the outbreak of WW2 he returned to the army, and by 1943 was Director of Country Sections with SOE’s Force 136, one of their most successful units, based in Calcutta and specialised in placing agents and trained saboteurs deep behind enemy lines inside Burma and Malaya.

On 9th March 1943 he led what came to be known as the Last Action of the Calcutta Light Horse. This regiment was raised in 1872 and formed part of the cavalry reserve of the British Indian Army. Inactive since the Boer War, their last action was against a German merchant ship transmitting Allied positions to U-boats from the Mormugao harbour in Portugal's neutral territory of Goa. The membership was largely made up of elderly businessmen and planters. The operation was kept covert, to prevent claims of contravening Portugal’s neutrality, and was not confessed until 1978, thirty-five years after it took place.

At the time Lewis Pugh was a Lieutenant Colonel, but he subsequently became a Major General with a CB, CBE and three DSOs. This wartime incident was published in 1978 as “Boarding Party – The Last Action of the Calcutta Light Horse”, and was subsequently portrayed in a 1980 war film, “Sea Wolves”, starring Gregory Peck as Pugh, and including a host of other well known names. As the film makers noted, during the first 11 days of March 1943, U-boats sank 12 Allied ships in the Indian Ocean. After the Light Horse raid on Goa, only one ship was lost in the remainder of the month.

The General retired to the family estate from the Army in 1961, lived in the house and developed its gardens until 1978, and died in 1981. A stained glass window in Eglwysfach church commemorates members of the Pugh family of Voelas and Cymerau. The property has now been converted into self-catering holiday accommodation.

Extracted from notes by Philip Pughe-Morgan

Col Archie Pugh - Comment from Abhay Datar in India

Dear Mr. Lawford,

I recently came across your blog on your grandfather, Colonel A J Pugh. I had been looking out for information on Col. Pugh since I read his oral evidence to the Franchise Committee of 1918-19. There he advocated joint electorates for Indians and Europeans in order to build racial harmony and improve relations among the two communities.

This proposal was quite fascinating and stood apart from the evidence from the other representatives of the European community in India. Furthermore, Col Pugh had also initiated the presentation of a joint address by Europeans and Indians of Calcutta to Edwin Montague, the then Secretary of State for India and Lord Chelmsford the Viceroy in 1917 asking for sub-provincial autonomy- one finds this aspect to be a precursor of the linguistic reorganization of states in India of 1956. What fascinates me the most is that Col Pugh made this proposal when he was connected with the upper echelons of the Raj, his father being the Attorney General of Bengal and father-in-law the Home Member under Lord Curzon.

Many thanks for putting up the information on the Net.

Yours sincerely
Abhay Datar
Pune, India 22nd November 2008

Summary of Colonel A J Pugh’s Evidence before the Franchise Committee of 1918-19

The Franchise Committee headed by Lord Southborough had been set up as per the Report on Indian Constitutional Reforms popularly known as the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms. The Committee toured the country examining witnesses.

Most non-official European witnesses were keen to have separate electorates so that they could have a say in the new expanded provincial legislatures, which were to exercise significant control over many departments of the government. It is here that Colonel A J Pugh’s evidence stand out. He ruled out purely European electorates as also the previous method of protecting non-official European interests – indirect elections by the European dominated Chambers of Commerce. Colonel Pugh advocated joint electorates for Europeans and Indians in the new Bengal Legislative Council. Colonel Pugh pointed out that non-official Europeans to have a say in the government in the changed circumstances only through constant association with Indians. Joint electorates with multi-member constituencies would provide the best opportunities for this. He rejected representation through the commercial bodies on two grounds; these bodies were not wholly European and secondly British interests were not confined, to use his words 'to jute and tea'. Furthermore, these European members would serve as the link between India and Britain.

But he does not quite make it clear whether this was to be done through a guaranteed minimum of seats reserved for the European candidates. But he did ask for certain safeguards. The candidates had to be members of representative community associations like the European Association and had to receive at least 100 votes from the European community. Non-official pure Europeans were to have 50 seats in the new Legislative Council – 30 elected non-officials and 20 nominated officials out of the total of 150, as per Colonel Pugh’s proposal. This might seem excessive but then in 1918 a meeting of all the non-official members of the then Bengal Legislative Council, including both Indians and Europeans, had agreed that the proportion of European representation should be maintained in a future Council. Pugh argued further that the Europeans’ representation should not be based on mere numbers but on the strength of their interests in the country.

But he did retreat a bit by saying that if adequate representation of non-official Europeans was not possible, then he would not advocate any grant of self-rule to India. This might sound strange given his previous arguments but then many individuals were opposed to the very principle of self-rule. Colonel Pugh’s idea of non-official Europeans and Indians running the government under the Empire certainly did not come true. But his liberality in advocating joint electorates needs to be remembered as a corrective to the uniform picture of racial difference and superiority advocated by the non-official community.
Abhay Datar
Pune, India 25nd November 2008
________________________________________

Thursday, September 18, 2008

Herry's Brief Bio for a Southampton Reunion


Herry was born at Litchfield and brought up in the Meon Valley, about fifteen miles from Southampton. Although he has lived in London for many years, he keeps many links to Hampshire - and to the law faculty which now, in the Institute of Maritime Law, has the premier maritime law school in the country and many think, the world . After graduation in 1967 he started work for a City firm, Thomas Miller which happens to be one of the five founding firms of the Institute. He has a number of friends among the faculty as a result.

Millers manage a number of mutual insurance 'clubs', including the Bar Mutual, which insures all the barristers in England and Wales, and the Solicitors' Club, SIMIA, which takes a line on many solicitors' PI insurances. Herry worked mainly for the largest club, the UK P&I Club until 1984, dealing with marine liability claims and handling some fascinating casualties. He travelled constantly to talk to shipowners, lawyers and the like - initially to Yugoslavia and India and then to the Middle East (eg Saudi and Iraq) and then to Japan and Asia generally. He also joined the TA - and spend many tough but happy weekends on the moors and mountains. During the early years also he married Prue Watson in Sydney and built a house on his parents' farm at Meonstoke, where they lived until they were divorced in 1982 and Prue returned to Sydney with their three children. Fortunately they have remained on good terms, with Richard Smith, one of his friends from Southampton, handling Prue's side of the divorce proceedings.

Herry became a partner of Millers in 1982 and in 1984 the founding chairman of a new 'club' for shipbrokers, agents and managers now called ITIC and had great fun helping to build that up to be the largest such insurer (of marine intermediary professional indemnity risks) in the world.

In 1993 he moved back to the UK P&I Club and a sister organisation, known as the TT Club taking various management positions including chairman of Thomas Miller (Asia Pacific). In that capacity he spent eight years commuting from London to Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore and China - and of course spending no little time in Australia. He retired in May 2006 after 39 years with Millers - but then took on a consultancy with a firm of City solicitors - Clyde & Co - and continued to travel in Asia. He still undertakes work for Thomas Miller in places like India and China, where long relationships are all-important. He will have just returned from a trip to both places when we meet, but he tries to keep his work to a minimum.

Herry now has four children - three of them still in Australia - two of whom are married and one has his quarter-Chinese granddaughter! His youngest daughter is 18 and has just started at King's College reading law. In keeping with his love of Asia, his second wife of many years is Japanese. The two families continue to be close, and last year spent Christmas together in Sydney

Herry loves reading, photography, travel, food and wine, walking and keeping up with family and friends. He is a Liveryman of the Drapers’ Company. He is also a director of companies including a Chinese/British joint venture and is a visiting professor at Shanghai Maritime University

He's fairly high-tech...and is all over the internet. He will be very happy to see his law school friends again, but can't guarantee to recognise all of them - any more than they will recognise him!

Sunday, September 14, 2008

Piers Lawford

My brother Piers was born on 9th May 1947 at a nursing home in Sevenoaks. He lived with the family at Danegate until 1950 when we moved to Stocks Farm. Thereafter we grew up together on the farm, playing together and 'ragging' constantly. Piers followed Fuff and I to St Ronan's in 1955 and then in 1960 went on to Stowe where he excelled at cricket and long distance running, and became a good musician and singer, playing the organ as well as the piano.

Leaving Stowe he studied at the London Hospital for his medical exams, living with me at 10 Shouldham St, where he managed to install a piano in the back bedroom.

On qualifying, he worked at Northwood and Poole Hospital before going up to spend five years at Aberdeen Royal Infirmary. In 1976 he married Margaret Lammond, a nursing sister at the hospital and shortly afterwards took a jobat the Coventry and Warwickshire Hospital, and moving to Coventry. In 1982 Mhairi was born.
St Ronan's 1955-60
Stowe 1961-66
Royal London Hospital 1967 -
Bournemouth
Aberdeen
Warwickshire and Coventry General
Married Margaret Lammond 25th April 1981
Married in Brechin Cathedral 25th April 1981
Nursing sister in the Thoracic Ward, Foresterhill, Aberdeen
Given away by uncle Roderick Coutts
Bridesmaids Sheila and Radha
Herry best man
Fuff was usher with John Lindsay
Mhairi 1982


Click the heading for some photos of Piers

Thursday, September 11, 2008

Luxmoore Family History



Annette Pugh and Arthur Luxmoore's wedding at Litchfield on 20th March 1935. Photo taken in the garden at Dunley.

Left to right: Katie Luxmoore, James (Jimmie) Pugh, Launcelot Luxmoore (Arhur's father), Nanny (to the Pugh children), Coryndon Luxmoore (Arthur's brother and best man), Constance Luxmoore (Arthur's mother), Arthur Noble Luxmoore, Annette Rosemary Pugh, Archie Pugh, Auriol Powell Edwards, Hubert Luxmoore, Nina (Lady Herbert), Sir Alfred Herbert, Ivor Pugh, Imogen Precott. In font: David Pugh and Michael Pugh.


For more photos of the wedding and Arthur Luxmoore, click here

For Fairfax Luxmoore, click here

The Luxmoore family - originally Luk's or Luke's Moor - originated in Devon, on the western side of Dartmoor. Henry Luxmoore (born 1695) and his immediate descendants lived at Oakhampton where they held the living.

Click here for more Luxmoore family photos


Return to Archive Index
Return to Wing-Commander Arthur Luxmoore 
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Retun to Dunley
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Sunday, September 07, 2008

Col AJ Pugh 1871-1923


Col Archie Pugh (standing, in light suit) with colleagues in Calcutta. He was Colonel of the Calcutta Light Horse from 1912 - 1922 and founded Pugh & Co, Solicitors in Calcutta. Click the heading for some more photos

Col Archie John Pugh CBE, VD, Herry's grandfather, was born on 3rd December 1871 in Wales and died at Cwmcoedwig, Llanfarian on 15th June 1923. He was educated at Winchester and married Marian 'Nina" Fraser Arundel, second daughter of Sir Arundel Tagg Arundel in Calcutta on 28th December 1894.

The wedding of Lt-Col Archie Pugh and Nina Arundel in Calcutta Cathedral in December 1904. For the names of those appearing in this photo, click here

His father was Lewis Pugh Pugh (1837- 1908) JD, DL, MP of Abermad and Cymmerau who was educated at Winchester and Corpus Christi, Oxford and and Member of Parliament from 1880 to 1885. He married Veronica Harriet Hills (1844-1931), daughter of James Hills of Neechandapore and Charlotte Marie Savi, in Calcutta Cathedral and became Attorney-General of Bengal during Lord Curzon's Viceroyalty. Lewis Pugh was born Lewis Pugh Evans, but took the surname Pugh in 1868 instead of Evans, when he inherited the estate (Abermad) of his great uncle. He called himself Pugh Lewis Pugh and his family called him 'Puff-Puff'

Below is Col Archie Pugh's obituary from the Indian Press

Death of Col AJ Pugh
Prominent Calcutta Man

Many in Calcutta and outside will learn with regret of the death in Wales on 15th June of Col AJ Pugh, CBE, OBE, VD, ADC, MLC
As a member of the Bengal Legislative Council, a Commissioner of the Calcutta Corporation and an enthusiastic officer of the Calcutta Light Horse, Col Pugh had done much for the public life of Calcutta, and his influence will be missed in many spheres.

Colonel Pugh, was the son of the late Mr Lewis Pugh Pugh, was born on December 2nd 1871, and was educated at Winchester School. Coming to India in December 1889, he was enrolled as an attorney at the Calcutta High Court on January 9th 1895. He early identified himself with the Calcutta Light Horse, with which body he was connected for 33 years, only retiring from the position of Commandant last year.

Col Pugh, who was awarded the Volunteer Long Service Medal and the Volunteer Officers' Decoration (he served as a volunteer for 32 years) on assuming command of the Calcutta Light Horse in 1912 was responsible for not a few improvements in the Corps, one of which was the innovation of camps out of Calcutta - at Sonapur, Dum Dum, Maduhpur, Simultalla and Jasidih - in place of those formerly held on the Maidan.

With the introduction of the India Defence Force Act, Col Pugh was asked to continue his command of the Corps. He was also appointed military representative on the Exemption Tribunal, a post which was anything but a popular one. Nevertheless, he discharged the duties assigned to it so satisfactorily that he was subsequently awarded the OBE.

Continuing his command of the Corps after the introduction of the Auxiliary Force Act, Col Pugh latterly did good work in securing remounts and also in encouraging recruiting for the Corps.

As a Commissioner of many years standing, Col Pugh's services have been highly appreciated both by the European and Indian communities. His speeches were invariably based on common sense and a constant desire to serve the best interests of the community as a whole. He was a member of several committees connected with the Corporation, and his advice was always received with respect. [He gave an address to Lord Carmichael's Committee in 1914 which survives]

His membership of the Bengal Legislative Council (as a representative of one of the European Constituency) allowed Col Pugh to put to practical use his deep interest in, and wide knowledge of, the Reforms. He was asked to give evidence before the Franchise Committee of the Houses of Parliament [for a most interesting note of the evidence he gave and the context in which it was given, see an e-mail from an Indian political scientist, Abhay Datar wrting in November 2008].

He was head of the well-known firm of Pugh & Co, solicitors.
Obituary from the Indian Press 21st June 1923 (with photo)
A photo of the silver salver presented to Col AJ Pugh by the members of the Calcutta Light Horse in 1922 is
here

The Inscription reads:
Presented By Members of
Calcutta Light Horse
to
Col AJ Pugh CBE, VD
as a token of esteem
and appreciation of his great service
and devotion to the Regiment
1890 to 1922

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Significant Business People

John Tubb (2002)

Monday, September 01, 2008

Sir Alfred Herbert 1866 - 1957


Sir Alfred Herbert KBE

Alfred Herbert was born in 1866, the son of a farmer, William Herbert. His father, in addition to farming at Whetstone Gorse, owned a town house in Leicester, to which the family retired in winter.

Alfred Herbert was educated at Stoneygate, a local private school where he excelled at English, science and divinity, and was expected to go on to university or into the church until he met up with an old school friend William Hubbard, who worked on a lathe at Joseph Jessop's Engineering Co in Leicester. Herbert was fascinated by what the small lathe produced, so he persuaded his father to let him follow his friend's example. Subsequently he became an apprentice at Jessops and thereafter joined Coles and Mathews, a firm of engineers in The Butts, Coventry. When Matthews retired, Herbert and Hubbard bought the company in partnership with help from their fathers. The partnership was dissolved in two years and Alfred founded the company which bore his name, Alfred Herbert Ltd which he ran until his death in 1957.

Alfred’s older brother William Henry Herbert joined forces with William Hillman in 1875 as Hillman and Herbert and formed the Premier Cycle Company to make bicycles. Later they formed the Automachinery Company which included Alfred on the Board of Directors.

Sir Alfred was married three times, first to Ellen Ryley, who bore him four daughters, but died in 1918. He then married Florence Pepper, who had a been matron at Coventry Hospital. Sadly, she too died in 1930, and in 1933 he married for the third time, Nina Pugh (nee Arundel), my grandmother. Hence we called him 'Step'.

Sir Alfred's life was divided between his factory in Coventry and his estate at Dunley, which he acquired in 1917. A brilliant and kindly man, he and the two successive Lady Herberts used to travel up to Coventry every week and stay in a flat over the works (except for a time during the Second World War when he and Nina were persuaded to stay with his granddaughter June Vapenik at her flat in Leamington Spa).

He worked to the end of his life, never formally retiring, until he died taking sherry at his friend Tommy Sopwith's house in Hampshire on 26th May 1957, at the age of 90. He was buried at Litchfield, the church which he attended from Dunley, and a memorial service was held for him in Coventry Cathedral, attended by over 2000 people.

Click the heading for some photos of Sir Alfred



The following is extracted from the brochure produced for the opening of the Herbert Art Gallery and Museum in 1960.

Alfred Herbert was born on 5th September 1866, the son of a Leicestershire farmer. After attending Stoneygate School in Leicester, he was apprenticed to Jessop and Sons after which he came to Coventry to take up the position of works manager in a firm of jobbing and general engineers, Coles & Matthews, in The Butts.

A year later the partnership was dissolved and the business was offered to Alfred, who was 22 years of age at the time. He went into partnership with an old school-friend, WS Hubbard and with their fathers' supplying the necessary capital, formed the firm of Herbert and Hubbard.

Hubbard was a clever mechanic with considerable inventive genius, so they decided to make machine tools, the first of which was a very ingenious machine for picking, sorting and storing pills. Machine tools suitable for use in the rapidly expanding bicycle industry were produced and quickly added to the firm's growing reputation. After two or three years Herbert and Hubbard dissolved their partnership and in 1894 a small company, Alfred Herbert Ltd was formed in which Alfred Herbert held the majority of shares. The new firm rapidly forged ahead with the production of machine tools of all kinds; agencies were taken on and foreign branches established all over the world.

Soon after the outbreak of the First World War, Alfred Herbert was appointed Deputy Director and then Controller of Machine Tools at the Ministry of Munitions, for which service he was awarded a knighthood.

During his lifetime Sir Alfred Herbert developed from very small beginnings, the largest machine tool works in the world.

Not that he is only remembered as one of the greatest industrialists of his day; he was also great in another sphere, as benefactor to his adopted city of Coventry.

Among his many gifts to the city were £2000 in 1934 to equip a ward in the Warwickshire and Coventry Hospital for wounded soldiers, two acres of land in The Butts for a park and playground; Lady Herbert's Homes and Garden as a memorial to Lady Florence Herbert in the centre of the city, Tower Thorpe Manor [sp], which he gave to Coventry as a childrens' home, £10,000 to the hospital and the loan of a like sum free of interest; a covenant with the Cathedral Reconstruction Committee whereby it received £25,000 over seven years; and £200,000 for the provision of the Art Gallery and Museum which is being opened today. This latter sum, with the accumulation of interest, has meant a contribution of nearly £275,000 to the cost of the buildings.

In addition to his public gifts, his private gifts were also many; such as the £25,000 he disbursed amongst his employees to celebrate his 90th birthday.

His death on 2nd May 1957 brought to a close a life of immense achievement and generosity. He was a natural leader of men and carried to the present age the Victorian virtues of thrift and industry.

He will long be remembered not only for his public gifts for which the Herbert Art Gallery and Museum will stand as a most fitting monument, but also for the unfailing courtesy and kindness he extended to all those who worked for him.

The world lost one of its greatest engineering geniuses, Coventry lost a true and loyal friend and Alfred Herbert Ltd its founder and father.'


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Wednesday, June 04, 2008

Overseas Friends

Herry was extremely fortunate in being able to travel widely from the early days of his work with Thomas Miller, first to Italy (to review some 'grain cases' which were due to heard in the Italian courts with the Genoa lawyers Mordiglia. There he met Aldo Mordiglia and his sons as well as )

Then to Yugoslavia with Bill Birch Reynardson (and often his wife Nik) to meet the shipowners, lawyers and insurers there.

His first contacts in Yugoslavia were with

Marin Kruzecevic (Zagreb)
Dr Hrvoje Kacic and his wife Jenny (Dubrovnik)
Dr Tomasic (Belgrade
Dr Zoran Radovic (Belgrade)
Tomo Badurina (and his wife Linda and son Berislav) (Zagreb)
Robert Stude (Zagreb)

Bare Terzic (Split)
Slobo Anicic (Split)

Peter Musladin (Dubrovnik)
Michel Dorcic (Rijeka)

Sunday, June 01, 2008

Albert Melville Watson 1918-2002

EULOGY TO ALBERT MELVILLE WATSON

Delivered by his daughter Penny Crittle during his funeral service held on 21st October 2002

It is my honour to stand before you today to talk about Patience’s loving husband, the father of Prue, Andrew and myself, the grandfather of our children and the great grandfather of their children. And of course the special friend of all of you present.

This family comes here today to acknowledge our special man. Whilst we grieve for our loss we wish to acknowledge it is our grief and that Dad lived the life he wished to lead – in many ways a blessed life. He did not suffer and wished to leave us when he did. He told me before he died that he had had a ‘great innings’ and this is the truth. To us this ceremony is one of celebration.

Dad was a man of many fine qualities and many achievements. For me his most extraordinary quality was a total lack of avarice whilst living in a culture in which the dominant paradigm is one of greed – more and more, bigger and grander are the guidelines. At the age of about 40 he sold his business and retired. He could so easily have caught the greed disease but he was comfortable that he could care for his parents and his family. This is indeed what he did for the remainder of his life. He not only cared for his family in material terms but was always there when advice, consolation or jubilation was required. Not to mention the occasional lecture. He assisted many friends in their hour of emotional and financial stress and held an interest in community needs with a particular concern for the guide dogs for the blind.

Dad was a man of great style – not just the sartorial elegance that came naturally to him but a style for the occasion. He always managed to say the correct words on any occasion and infuse them with a real warmth.

Mel was a charismatic man – a man of charm and good humour. As a younger man he was the life of the party – I have fond memories of sitting at the top of the staircase and watching Dad surrounded by his friends having a gay old time. His occasional flare of anger was over almost instantly and he was the first to apologise if he believed himself in the wrong. He did not hold a grudge if an apology from the other side was not forthcoming.

In case he is starting to sound a little too perfect I recall P (Patience) telling me of a meeting she had with Jim Grant during Dad’s hospitalisation. Jim asked after his old friend’s health and when Patience replied that ‘he was a little grumpy this morning’ Jim’s rejoinder was "Humph. He’s always grumpy".

Whilst not an academic he had a fine intellect with a special interest in all aspects of Roman history. Dad put his intellect together with an innate ability to assess people very quickly and we never had an opportunity tell him that his first judgement was incorrect.

Those of you who met Dad later in life may not have been aware of his fine singing voice. In his youth he won singing competitions and somewhere we have copies of his renditions of Ole Man River and the Lord’s Prayer. I remember staying up late as a young child in order to hear him singing on the wireless.

The main pleasure of Dad’s recreational life was sport but he was not a man to be a couch potato. If he could not play and play well he had little interest. His prodigious physical talents were coupled with a determination to do his best. He was a representative tennis player, cricketer, lawn bowler and of course golfer. He was proud to have represented his country at bridge. Amongst the people present are many from the worlds of golf and bridge and your presence is a testimony to his presence in these fields of endeavour.

The family thanks you for your presence here today. We ask you to think of him often. It gives us comfort that although his spirit and body have gone it is in the minds of his loved ones that the meaning and worth of his time amongst us is realised.

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Sunday, May 25, 2008

Stocks Farm 1970 - 2002


Stocks and Harvestgate in 1973. Click the heading for more photos

Under Patrick, Stocks (with the addition of Harvestgate) became one of the finest farms in the Meon Valley, regularly winning prizes for its crops. In the early days, sugar beet and potatoes were grown alongside the oats, wheat and barley, and beef cattle were reared and there were sheep on the downs. But as time went on, the farm became essentially purely an arable farm, particularly well known for the quality of its barley. In later years, Patrick took specialist advice on fertilizers and soil quality which improved yields significantly, and when he turned 80 in 1994, turned over much of the day to day management of the farm to his neighbour Stephen Horn, who maintained it to the same high standard - and still does today (2008).






















The caption reads: 'Hampshire farming at its very best - harvesting on Old Winchester Hill, Warnford" Hampshire Magazine's photo of Stocks Down and the cottages just after harvest in 1998.


Patrick also built Stock and Harvestgate up into an enjoyable shoot, planting cover and copses to add to the woods already there, and rearing pheasants. At one time he employed a part-time gamekeeper so that his friends could enjoy a good day out.

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Retun to Ramatuelle

Thursday, May 22, 2008

Pugh Evans Family History - the Lovesgrove Line

This is an extract from The Llanbadarn Churchyard by AW Gilbey

This section of the Churchyard of St. Padarn's Church, Llanbadarn Fawr, is used exclusively for burials by the Evans family, owners of the Lovesgrove Estate. The Evans family also have a vault in the older, closed section of the Churchyard at A139.

When Sir Griffith Humphrey Pugh Evans died in 1902 he left three sons and four daughters and the Lovesgrove estate passed to one of his sons, Lewis Pugh Evans.

Lewis Pugh Evans was the second son of the Evans family and he was educated at Eton and Sandhurst before entering the Army with a commission in the Black Watch with whom he served in the Boer War in South Africa: there he received the Queen's Medal and later the King's Medal.

After service with the Black Watch in India Lewis Pugh Evans returned to England and obtained a pilot's certificate and when the First World War broke out in 1914 he was posted as an observer with the Royal Flying Corps but after a few months he returned to the Black Watch and in 1917 was appo inted to command the First Battalion of the Lincolnshire Regiment and in 1928 he retired from the Army.

In 1917 Lewis Pugh Evans earned the Victoria Cross for his 'conspicuous bravery and leadership' in an action on the Western Front. At Zonnebeke on the 4th of October, 1917, he took his battalion in perfect order through a terrific enemy barrage and led them into the assault. The battalions advance was held up by enemy fire, which caused many casualties, from a machine-gun emplacement until Lewis Pugh Evans rushed the enemy armed with his revolver and forced them to surrender. Al though twice severely wounded in the action he continued to lead and direct his men until they had won their objectives. Lewis Pugh Evans was mentioned in despatches no less than seven times and his other medals and awards included the D.S.O and Bar; the 1914 Star and Clasp; the British War Medal; the Victory Medal; the Order of Leopold of Belgium and the Croix de Guerre: he was also a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George.

On his retirement from active service Lewis Pugh Evans returned to Lovesgrove here he took an active part in the life of the community and was well respected in the district. He maintained his interest in military matters by accepting the position as Honorary Colonel of the Cardiganshire Army Cadet Force and was for 25 years President of the Aberystwyth Branch of the British Legion. He aIso served during the early part of the Second World War as a Military Liason Officer at the Headquarters of the Wales Region. Lewis Pugh Evans took a great interest in agriculture and frequently took part in local agricultural shows. He was a Churchwarden at Llanbadarn and a Justice of the Peace on the local bench as well as Deputy Lieutenant for Cardiganshire and a Freeman of the borough of Aberystwyth.

Brig-Gen Lewis Pugh Evans was married in 1919 to Dorothea Margaret Seagrave, eldest daughter of John Carbery Pugh Vaughan Pryse-Rice and his wife, Dame Margaret, of Llwynybrain, near Llandovery. The couple had one son, Griffith Eric Carbery Vaughan Evans, before the death of Margaret in 1921.

Griffith Eric Carbery Vaughan Evans was, like his father, educated at Eton and also served in his father's old regiment, the Black Watch, as well as the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders during the Second World War. He was married to Barbara, daughter of Philip Noel Rogers of London and they had two sons. The eldest, Christopher Lewis Vaughan Pryse Evans inherited the Lovesgrove estate on the death of his grandfather.

Betha Millicent Evans was the fifth child and third daughter of Sir Griffith Evans and Gwyneth Veronica Evans was her youngest sister. Both took a keen interest in the work of the Red Cross and the younger sister worked in the Red Cross Hospital at Aberystwyth during the First World War. Both sisters also helped to run and organise the Women's Voluntary Service for the Aberystwyth area. Betha Millicent also supported the Girls' Friendly Society and for over 50 years worked on behalf of the Soldiers and Sailors Family Association. Gwyneth Veronica worked tirelessly on behalf of the Girl Guides and on behalf of the Parish Church which she loved so much at Llanbadarn.

Alice Mary Greer was the eldest daughter of Sir Griffith Evans and married Richard Townsend Greer in 1902. At that time he was Chairman of the Calcutta Corporation though he was later to become commissioner of Behar and Orissa, Inspector General of the Police of Bengal and a member of the Governors Executive Council. He was the fifth son of the Rev. George Greer, rector of County Down and was educated at Trinity College, Dublin. A keen rugby player he represented the College, the Wanderers and the North of Ireland and gained international honour in 1876 when he played, as one of a team of twenty, for Ireland. In 1877 he entered the Indian Civil Service where he rapidly rose to prominence; a Freemason he was to be Deputy Grand Master of Bengal. A prominent figure in Calcutta he set up the Indian Youth Athletic Club and was awarded the Companionship of the Star of India in 1904. In 1912 the couple returned to Llanbadarn Fawr to live at Dolau and Richard became a J.P. in 1917; the couple had four children of whom three survived.

Gladys Gwendolyn Alice Lyell was the third child of Richard and Alice Greer and she married Arthur Lindsay Lyell at Llanbadarn in October 1931 but died three years later at Calcutta.

Griffith Pugh Evans was a son of Sir Griffith and Lady Evans. He was educated at Magdalen College, Oxford, where he gained a honours degree in history, and he was called to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn. He served as a Justice of the Peace on the Llanbadarn Bench for 42 years. As a young lad of 13 he was struck by a paralysis which he overcame to lead an active life. A keen huntsman with the Gogerddan Hounds he was an accomplished horseman and a lover of country sports especially fishing. In the First World War he saw active service with armoured cars in France, Belgium, Russia and Rumania and was awarded the Croix de Guerre with Palms, the Order of Stanislaus and Officer of the Crown (Russia) and the Chevalier of the Star of Rumania. After the war he became a farmer at Home Farm, Lovesgrove, and took a keen interest in the improvement of agriculture. A supporter of agricultural Shows he was nearly killed at Talybont Show in 1938 when an upturned carriage drawn by a frightened horse smashed through a table on which he was leaning and he broke his thigh falling off a horse at the age of 64. A supporter of Llanbadarn Church he was also a staunch Conservative. He was President of the Trefeurig Branch of the British Legion and a member of the Governing Body of the Church in Wales, of the Territorial Army Association and of the Parish Council.


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Friday, May 16, 2008

Futatsumori Family


The Futatsumori ('Two Forests') family come from a village of the same name in Aomori, near where Ayako's parents Juro and Shizue lived. It's a large village and members of the family still live there, including a cousin who is a local politician. There is a fine bridge nearby which bears the family crest.

Juro moved to Tokyo before the war, and served with the Japanese army in China. Ayako's mother's family, the Takahashi's, are from Tokyo.

Shizue Takahashi and Juro Futatsumori were married and returned to Aomori in the 1950s where he became a schoolteacher, later the headmaster of a local primary school. He was also a noted kendo master. Shizue had seven children, the eldest being Taeko, who lives in Aomori City; Ayako (1955) being the youngest. Osamu is the oldest brother, but a second brother, Seiko, had a breakdown at the age of 19 and went into a home. He died in July 2007. Of the three other sisters, Junko married an American Seymour Bogitch, who died in the early 1980s. She now lives in Las Vegas near her two children, Ray and Yoko, both of whom are married. Keiko lived for many years in Nagoya but has recently moved back to Aomori. She has a daughter, Akiko, married to Kunio Takeda. Mariko married Nobuo Fukazawa and lives in Yokohama. She has two stepsons, Ku and Yugo and is a noted local artist.

Juro died in 1984. Shizue continued to live in the family house for many years, but went into a home at Shichinohe in 2003, but died at 93. The family house remains open and is used by members of the family when they come and visit.

Click the heading for some Futatsumori family photos

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Watson Family

Albert Melville Watson (1920-2002) was educated at Geelong and became a highly successful businessman (known to his friends as 'Multi') starting a mining business after the war, with his father Albert Henry Watson. They acquired the rights (some say they won them playing golf) to mine the beaches and hinterland of the Gold Coast for minerials such as rutile. He sold the mining business when still in his 40s and diversified by investing in the manufacture of mining tools (A1 Hardchrome) and importing clothes (Fila). He was a fine golfer, captain of the Australian Golf Club 1960-1962, played bowls for New South Wales and was an excellent bridge player, playing at international level. He also liked to play high-stakes poker with the likes of Kerry Packer.

He married Timmie (Norma Doris) Fleming in 1944 and they had three children - Penny, Prue and Andrew - who grew up in the family house, Somerset, at 62 Wentworth Road, Vaucluse. They were divorced in the 1960s and Mel married Beatrice Allez. They had no children and were divorced in 1983. Therafter Mel married Patience Hanson-Lawson who survives him (now Mrs Keith Little).

Click the heading for some more Watson family photos and here for the eulogy given by his daughter Penny at Mel Watson's funeral on 21st October 2002

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Friday, May 09, 2008

Dunley and Litchfield History

At the time of the Domesday Survey there were most probably two estates in Litchfield - one held by the King and the other by Hugh de Port. The first, which afterwards developed into the Manor of Litchfield, was granted by Henry II to Ralf Monachus. In 1228 Ralf granted the manor to Brian de Stopham. It eventually passed to John Kingsmill in 1537 and when he died in 1556 his heir was William Kingsmill and the manor then followed the descent of Sydmonton.

The second estate, later known as the hamlet of Litchfield or West Litchfield, and Woodcott, were held by Faderlin and his daughter. These properties passed to Ruald de Woodcott and remained in the family until the early fourteenth century, when Richard de Cardeville inherited them. In 1303 he granted the Manor of Woodmancott and hamlet of Litchfield to the Prior and Brethren of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem. They remained the property of the Prior and Brethren until the Dissolution when they became Crown property. In 1544 they were granted to John Kingsmill and remained in the Kingsmill family until 1766. The manor was purchased by the Herberts and descended to the Earls of Carnarvon.

From Hantsweb maintained by the Hampshire County Council

Thursday, May 01, 2008

The Church of St James the Less, Litchfield



Litchfield has played a large part in the lives of the family since the 1930s and the little church of St James the Less is the family church. My grandmother Nina, Sir Alfred Herbert's third wife, attended church there with Sir Alfred from Dunley. In 1930, Sir Alfred had the low retaining wall on the roadside of the churchyard built as well as the path up to the porch while the family of his second wife, Florence Pepper, erected the lytchgate in her memory.

My mother Annette was married to Arthur Luxmoore there in 1935 and my father Patrick's first wife Catherine Lawford (nee Stephenson) was buried there in 1941.

Herry was christened there in Sept 1945, when the family was living at Litchfield Manor

Sir Alfred Herbert was interred there with Florence in 1957 (a service that was followed by a memorial service in Coventry Cathedral). Nina donated the organ to the church in memory of Sir Alfred, commorated by a plaque

Many of the Dunley and Litchfield estate staff also lie there including Miss Tidd, Sir Alfred's private secretary. "Nannie Pugh" - nannie to the children of Lt-Col Archie Pugh and Nina and therefore to Annette, is also buried there as is Mary Bragg, the wife of Percy Bragg, who was Patrick's first farming tutor.

The Rev Hamilton Lloyd, formerly vicar of Whitchurch and who retired in 1984, was the curate at Litchfield for for 27 years until his death in 2011. Greatly loved - as was his wife Suzanne, who died in 2007 - 'Ham' became a family friend and buried Annette in 1998 and Patrick in 2002. Miraculously, Ham remarried a local widow, Cecilia Ingram, in 2009, and continued to invigorate the Litchfield living in his own inimitable way until his death.

Subsequently, services have been taken by visiting clergy and Hazel Cormack, a lay reader, until Mark Christian, a retired army padre, was appointed in 2015. He and his wife Yvette have again added greatly to the life of the church and its congregation.

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Family Entertainment



Annette learned the piano when young and played often, sometime accompanying her great friend Kitty Bulman while she sang her favourite arias. She also used to play for us at Christmas and other parties. We had a nursery rhyme song book from which we sang songs such as 'A Fox Went Out on a Starlight Night', 'The Frog and The Crow' and the rather awful 'What Have You Got For Dinner Mrs Bond?'. Fortunately there were many gentler pieces such as 'I Saw Three Ships'.

The book had the most beautiful illustrations. In particular, the frog of the song was dressed in a beautiful pink dress with a golden cape while the crow was decidedly handsome in a back tailcoat. The 'dancers in yellow' were obviously the buttercups in the meadow, so that it was very easy to imagine the poor frog being seduced.....

Tuesday, April 15, 2008

Lovesgrove


In 1843, Lovesgrove, in the parish of Llanbadarn Fawr, Cardiganshire, was bought by John Evans (1804-1874) of Aberystwyth. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Lewis Pugh of Aber-mad, Llanychaearn, Cardiganshire, adding his wife's surname to his own, the family becoming Pugh Evans. John and Elizabeth's second son, Lewis Pugh Evans (1837-1908) inherited Aber-mad following the death of his bachelor uncle, on condition that he took the name of Pugh. Their third son, Sir Griffith Humphrey Pugh Evans (1840-1902) inherited Lovesgrove and built a mansion there in 1883. In 1873, he married Emelia Savi Hills, daughter of Sir James Hills of Neechandapore and Charlotte Savi and lived in Calcutta

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Monday, April 14, 2008

Maj-General Lewis Pugh 1907 - 1981


Brig-General Lewis Pugh Evans VC of Lovesgrove and Maj-Gen Lewis Pugh.
Maj-Gen Lewis Henry Owain Pugh CB, CBE, DSO**, KStJ, JP, DL. was born on 18th May 1907 and educated at Wellington and attended Sandhurst. He married Wanda Kendzior in Simla in 1941 and had two beautiful daughters, Genia (1942) and Imogen (1944). Known to my mother Annette as 'Cousin Lewis', he was her father Archie's nephew and like him, became involved with the Calcutta Light Horse. Lewis was a regular soldier who served with Special Services in India and in that capacity commanded the raid on the German ships thought to be broadcasting Allied shipping movements from Mormugoa harbour in 1943. The exploit was described in the book 'The Boarding Party' by James Leasor and made into a film 'The Sea Wolves' in which Lewis Pugh was played by Gregory Peck.

A fuller account of his active life can be found here:

Lewis Pugh was the grandson of Lewis Pugh Pugh (known as 'Puff Puff') Attorney-General of Bengal, and son of Major Herbert Pugh. Lewis was another professional soldier, commissioned into the Royal Horse Artillery. After serving in Germany between the wars and on the North West Frontier of India, he answered an advertisement for men with knowledge of India to join the Special Branch Intelligence Department of the Bengal Police.

At the outbreak of WW2 he returned to the army, and by 1943 was Director of Country Sections with SOE’s Force 136, one of their most successful units, based in Calcutta and specialised in placing agents and trained saboteurs deep behind enemy lines inside Burma and Malaya.

On 9th March 1943 he led what came to be known as the Last Action of the Calcutta Light Horse. This regiment was raised in 1872 and formed part of the cavalry reserve of the British Indian Army. It was commended from 1912 to 1922 by my grandfather, Col AJ Pugh. Inactive since the Boer War, their last action was against German merchant ships thought to be transmitting Allied positions to U-boats from the Mormugao harbour in Portugal's neutral territory of Goa. The membership was largely made up of businessmen and planters. The operation was kept covert, to prevent claims of contravening Portugal’s neutrality, and was not confessed to until 1978, thirty-five years after it took place.

At the time Lewis Pugh was a Lieutenant Colonel, but he subsequently became a Major General with a CB, CBE and three DSOs. This wartime incident was published in 1978 as “Boarding Party – The Last Action of the Calcutta Light Horse” by James Leasor, and was subsequently portrayed in a 1980 film, “Sea Wolves”, starring Gregory Peck as Pugh, and including a host of other well known names. As the film makers noted, during the first 11 days of March 1943, U-boats sank 12 Allied ships in the Indian Ocean. After the Light Horse raid on Goa, only one ship was lost in the remainder of the month.

The General retired from the Army to the family estate at Cymmerau in 1961, and lived in the house and developed its gardens, together with his wife until 1978, and thereafter at Wonastow House, before dying in 1981. He was High Sherriff of Cardiganshire. A stained glass window in Eglwysfach church commemorates members of the Pugh family of Voelas and Cymerau.

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